azurerm_subnet

Use the azurerm_subnet InSpec audit resource to test properties related to a subnet for a given virtual network.


Azure REST API version

This resource interacts with version 2018-02-01 of the Azure Management API. For more information see the official Azure documentation.

At the moment, there doesn’t appear to be a way to select the version of the Azure API docs. If you notice a newer version being referenced in the official documentation please open an issue or submit a pull request using the updated version.

Availability

Installation

This resource is available in the inspec-azure resource pack. To use it, add the following to your inspec.yml in your top-level profile:

depends:
  inspec-azure:
    git: https://github.com/inspec/inspec-azure.git

You’ll also need to setup your Azure credentials; see the resource pack README.

Version

This resource first became available in 1.2.0 of the inspec-azure resource pack.

Syntax

The resource_group, virtual network vnet, and subnet ‘name’ must be given as parameters. Since subnet must be in the context of a virtual network, this parameter had to be included.

describe azurerm_subnet(resource_group: 'MyResourceGroup', vnet: 'MyVnetName', name: 'MySubnetName') do
  ...
end


Examples

Ensure that the subnet exists for a given virtual network.

describe azurerm_subnet(resource_group: 'MyResourceGroup', vnet: 'MyVnetName', name: 'MySubnetName') do
  it { should exist }
end

Ensure that the subnets address prefix is configured as expected.

describe azurerm_subnet(resource_group: 'MyResourceGroup', vnet: 'MyVnetName', name: 'MySubnetName') do
    its('address_prefix') { should eq [192.168.0.0/24] }
end

Ensure that the subnet is attached to the right network security group.

describe azurerm_subnet(resource_group: 'MyResourceGroup', vnet: 'MyVnetName', name: 'MySubnetName') do
    its('nsg') { should eq 'NetworkSecurityGroupName'}
end


Parameters

  • resource_group, vnet, name

Parameter Examples

resource_group (required)

Defines the resource group of the subnet that you wish to test resides in.

describe azurerm_subnet(resource_group: 'MyResourceGroup', vnet: 'MyVnetName', name: 'MySubnetName') do
  ...
end

vnet (required)

Defines the virtual network that the subnet that you wish to test is a part of.

describe azurerm_subnet(resource_group: 'MyResourceGroup', vnet: 'MyVnetName', name: 'MySubnetName') do
  ...
end

name (required)

Defines the name of the subnet that you wish to test.

describe azurerm_subnet(resource_group: 'MyResourceGroup', vnet: 'MyVnetName', name: 'MySubnetName') do
  ...
end

Attributes

  • id
  • name
  • type
  • address_prefix
  • nsg

id

The subnet’s id.

its('id') { should eq(id) }

Id will be in format:

'/subscriptions/xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx/resourceGroups/Inspec-Azure-mmclane/providers/Microsoft.Network/virtualNetworks/Inspec-VNet/subnets/Inspec-Subnet'

name

The subnets’s name.

its('name') { should eq('MySubnetName') }

type

The virtual network’s resource type.

its('type') { should eq 'Microsoft.Network/virtualNetworks/subnets' }

address_prefix

The address prefix for the subnet.

its('address_prefix') { should eq "x.x.x.x/x" }

nsg

The network security group attached to the subnet.

its('nsg') { should eq 'MyNetworkSecurityGroupName' }

Other Attributes

There are additional attributes that may be accessed that we have not documented. Please take a look at the Azure documentation. Any attribute in the response may be accessed with the key names separated by dots (.).

The API may not always return keys that do not have any associated data. There may be cases where the deeply nested property may not have the desired attribute along your call chain. If find yourself writing tests against properties that may be nil, fork this resource pack and add an accessor to the resource. Within that accessor you’ll be able to guard against nil keys. Pull requests are always welcome.

Matchers

This InSpec audit resource has the following special matchers. For a full list of available matchers, please visit our Universal Matchers page.

exists

# If a subnet is found it will exist
describe azurerm_subnet(resource_group: 'MyResourceGroup', vnet: 'MyVnetName', name: 'MySubnetName') do
  it { should exist }
end

# subnets that aren't found will not exist
describe azurerm_subnet(resource_group: 'MyResourceGroup', vnet: 'MyVnetName', name: 'DoesNotExist') do
  it { should_not exist }
end

Azure Permissions

Your Service Principal must be setup with a contributor role on the subscription you wish to test.