azurerm_virtual_machine

Use the azurerm_virtual_machine InSpec audit resource to test properties related to a virtual machine.


Azure REST API version

This resource interacts with version 2017-12-01 of the Azure Management API. For more information see the official Azure documentation.

At the moment, there doesn’t appear to be a way to select the version of the Azure API docs. If you notice a newer version being referenced in the official documentation please open an issue or submit a pull request using the updated version.

Availability

Installation

This resource is available in the inspec-azure resource pack. To use it, add the following to your inspec.yml in your top-level profile:

depends:
  inspec-azure:
    git: https://github.com/inspec/inspec-azure.git

You’ll also need to setup your Azure credentials; see the resource pack README.

Version

This resource first became available in 1.0.0 of the inspec-azure resource pack.

Syntax

The resource_group and virtual machine name must be given as parameters.

describe azurerm_virtual_machine(resource_group: 'MyResourceGroup', name: 'MyVmName') do
  ...
end


Examples

Ensure that the virtual machine has the expected data disks

describe azurerm_virtual_machine(resource_group: 'MyResourceGroup', name: 'MyVmName') do
  its('data_disks') { should include 'DataDisk1' }
  its('data_disks') { should include 'DataDisk2' }
end

Ensure that the virtual machine has the expected monitoring agent installed

describe azurerm_virtual_machine(resource_group: 'MyResourceGroup', name: 'MyVmName') do
  it { should have_monitoring_agent_installed }
end


Parameters

  • resource_group, name

Parameter Examples

resource_group (required)

Defines the resource group that the virtual machine that you wish to test resides in.

describe azurerm_virtual_machine(resource_group: 'MyResourceGroup', name: 'MyVmName') do
  ...
end

name (required)

Defines the name of the virtual machine that you wish to test.

describe azurerm_virtual_machine(resource_group: 'MyResourceGroup', name: 'MyVmName') do
  ...
end

Attributes

  • id
  • name
  • location
  • properties
  • resources
  • tags
  • type
  • zones
  • installed_extensions_types
  • installed_extensions_names
  • monitoring_agent_installed
  • os_disk_name
  • data_disk_names

id

The virtual machine’s id.

its('id') { should eq(id) }

Id will be in format:

'/subscriptions/<SUBSCRIPTION_ID>/resourceGroups/MyResourceGroup/providers/Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines/MyVirtualMachine'

name

The virtual machine’s name.

its('name') { should eq('MyVmName') }

location

The virtual machine’s location.

its('location') { should eq('East US') }

tags

The virtual machine’s tags.

its('tags') { should eq({ 'key' => 'value' }) }

type

The virtual machine’s resource type.

its('type') { should eq('Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines') }

zones

The virtual machine’s availability zones.

its('zones') should include('zone1', 'zone2')

os_disk_name

The virtual machine’s operating system disk name.

its('os_disk_name') { should eq('OsDiskName') }

data_disk_names

The virtual machine’s data disk names.

its('data_disk_names') { should include('DataDisk1') }

installed_extensions_types

List of all installed extensions’ types for the virtual machine.

its('installed_extensions_types') { should eq(['ExtensionType']) }

installed_extensions_names

List of all installed extensions’ names for the virtual machine.

its('installed_extensions_names') { should eq(['ExtensionName']) }

Other Attributes

There are additional attributes that may be accessed that we have not documented. Please take a look at the Azure documentation. Any attribute in the response may be accessed with the key names separated by dots (.).

The API may not always return keys that do not have any associated data. There may be cases where the deeply nested property may not have the desired attribute along your call chain. If find yourself writing tests against properties that may be nil, fork this resource pack and add an accessor to the resource. Within that accessor you’ll be able to guard against nil keys. Pull requests are always welcome.

Matchers

This InSpec audit resource has the following special matchers. For a full list of available matchers, please visit our Universal Matchers page.

exists

# If a virtual machine is found it will exist
describe azurerm_virtual_machine(resource_group: 'MyResourceGroup', name: 'MyVmName') do
  it { should exist }
end

# virtual machines that aren't found will not exist
describe azurerm_virtual_machine(resource_group: 'MyResourceGroup', name: 'DoesNotExist') do
  it { should_not exist }
end

have_only_approved_extensions

# Check if a virtual machine has only approved extensions. If an extension
# is used that's not in the list then the check will fail.
describe azurerm_virtual_machine(resource_group: 'MyResourceGroup', name: 'MyVmName') do
  it { should have_only_approved_extensions(['ApprovedExtension', 'OtherApprovedExtensions']) }
end

have_monitoring_agent_installed

# Will be true if the MicrosoftMonitoringAgent is installed (Windows only)
describe azurerm_virtual_machine(resource_group: 'MyResourceGroup', name: 'MyVmName') do
  it { should have_monitoring_agent_installed }
end

have_endpoint_protection_installed

# Will be true if any of the given extensions are installed.
describe azurerm_virtual_machine(resource_group: 'MyResourceGroup', name: 'MyVmName') do
  it { should have_endpoint_protection_installed(['Extension1', 'Extension2']) }
end

Azure Permissions

Your Service Principal must be setup with a contributor role on the subscription you wish to test.